The Nigerian Journal of Pharmacy (PSNNJP) is the official organ of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria with its first print in 1961 (as Journal of Pharmacy) and with unbroken publication since 1970 (as PSNNJP).

The PSNNJP is a peer-reviewed, open access journal which publishes original research articles, review articles and case studies on all aspects of pharmaceutical sciences and technologies, pharmacy practice and related clinical aspects, and pharmacy education. The journal publishes articles covering developments in drug absorption and metabolism, pharmacokinetics and dynamics, drug delivery systems, drug targeting and nanotechnology. It also covers development of new systems, methods, Clinical Pharmacy and techniques in pharmacy education and practice. The scope of the journal also extends to cover advancements in toxicology, cell and molecular biology, biomedical research, clinical and pharmaceutical microbiology, pharmaceutical biotechnology, medicinal chemistry, phytochemistry and nutraceuticals. The Journal reports society news, with special attention to innovations in the Nigerian and African pharmacy practice space.

Published by one of the oldest professional associations in Nigeria, the PSNNJP celebrates the traditional arts of pharmacy practice and embraces innovative scientific processes that provide answers to current problems. We look forward to your partnership with us as we change the world through innovative and translational research.

Vol. 56 No. 2 (2022): Nigerian Journal of Pharmacy

The Nigerian Journal of Pharmacy is a publication of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria which publishes original research papers, critical reviews, systematic reviews, and short communications in all areas of Pharmacy Practice. The Nigerian Journal of Pharmacy is pivotal in strengthening the pharmaceutical sector through publishing of timely and innovative research outcomes. The theme of the 95th Annual National Conference of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria is aptly Medicines security in an unstable economy. This theme reflects the need to have increased indigenous input into all the cadres of drug manufacturing on a regional level. The onslaughts of infectious and highly communicable disease have taught us that regional alignment in building structures to save guard drug production is critical for the survival of every country. In as much as we cannot be totally self-reliant for our pharmaceutical needs, we must be able to begin to forge paths towards that self-reliance. This can be done by harnessing home-grown technologies that are suited for our own peculiar health care systems. Academia must work with industry in API production, industry must liaise with drug regulators to promote indigenous manufacturing. And of course, our colleagues in the community and hospital settings must work to utilizing locally produced medicines. This will in turn foster more novel research and the cycle goes on. This has been aptly written in the review by Iwuchukwu E., Anukwu I et al, titled

Medicine Security in Sub-Saharan Africa: Improving Access to Drugs Via Utilization of Novel Technologies. Of note is the collaborative research spear headed by the Pharmacy team from the Military hospitals setting in Lagos, who looked at Antimicrobial Drug Prescription Patterns for Respiratory Tract Infections in their hospital setting. This was done with a view to be able to predict medication use and ensure rational drug use. This collaboration of health care professionals will ensure that guideline recommendations are followed in such centres to the benefit of the patients who of course should always at the centre of care. This current issue consists of 24 research papers authored by researchers within Nigeria and in the diaspora. The published works features a paper on Preliminary study on the anti-bacterial activity of 2 cultivars of Acalypha wilkesiana on bacterial isolates of clinical significance; Availability, and price of anti-hypertensives and antidiabetics in public and private health facilities in Jos, Plateau State and environs North Central Nigeria; Preparation and characterization of Self-disintegrating fast dissolving valsartan tablets using novel hybridized polymer comprising Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and Acacia gum amongst others. Many thanks from us, goes to the authors and reviewers who have contributed and supported the journal up to date. Please enjoy Volume 56 (2), September/October issue 2022 of PSNNJP and follow website of the journal for news.

Kind regards,

Dr. Margaret ILOMUANYA (B.Pharm., MSc., PhD)
Editor in Chief

Published: 2022-10-07

Preliminary study on the anti-bacterial activity of 2 cultivars of Acalypha wilkesiana on bacterial isolates of clinical significance

Mercy I. Aboh, Oludolapo S. Katibi, Oluwakanyinsola A. Salawu, Kazeem T. Olatunji, Omolola T. Fatokun, Adeola T. Kola-Mustapha, Peters O. Oladosu

Assessment of unsafe disposal of unused and expired medicines practices among households in North-west Nigeria.

Ilyasu Salim, Abubakar I Jatau, Basira K Lawal, Anas Haruna, Ismaeel Yunusa, Abubakar S Wada, Garba M Khalid, Khaulat Z Jibril, Mustapha Sagir, Mustapha Mohammed

Antimicrobial Drug Prescription Patterns for Respiratory Tract Infections in Military Hospitals Lagos Nigeria.

Mbaya A. Haruna, Nina S. Kute, Enemoyi S. Ifediora, Mbata A. Ugochukwu, Abiola E. Ayoola, Patrick I. Oliorah, Aniebiet E. Umoh, Chiamaka V. Okonkwo

Evaluation of cosmetic lipsticks for hazardous heavy metals and determination of antimicrobial potency

Olufemi Lionel Okunye, Philip Adegboyega Idowu, Babatunde Meshach Okanlawon, Olufunmilayo Ebunoluwa Adejumo, Oladapo Elijah Oyinloye, Michael Oluwole Osungunna, Ayedun Joshua Seun, Rukayyat Ademola Sadiq, Samuel Lawal Adefisoye

Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity of Thesium viride Hill (Santalaceae)

Sani Shehu, Ezzeldin Mukhtar Abdurahman, Umar Habibu Danmalam, Abdullahi Mohammed, Aisha Ibrahim Barau

Prescribing Patterns of Antihypertensives and Antidiabetics in Public and Private Healthcare Centres in North Central Nigeria

Dauda Audi Dangiwa, Nanloh Samuel Jimam, Thony Waka Udezi, Esther Hayab, Grace Musa Ebuga, Victory Onize Olutuase, Victor Sunday, Bala Iliyasu Shuaibu

Studies on Medicinal Chemistry Potentials of Hannoa undulata Essential Oil

Anayo Joseph Uraku, Oluchi Helen Uraku, Onyema Simon Azi, Lilian Nwanneka Ebenyi, Victor Ugadu-Omoha Nwankwo, Bashiru Mohamed Koroma

Availability, and price of anti-hypertensives and antidiabetics in public and private health facilities in Jos, Plateau State and environs North Central Nigeria

Dauda Audi Dangiwa, Victory Onize Olutuase, Victor Sunday, Thony Waka Udezi, Nanloh Samuel Jimam, Paul Albert Lomak, Suwaiba Mohammed Garba, Rotkanmwa Charity Okunola, Issac Abah

Effect of Ethanol Root Extract of Calliandra Portoricensis on the Pharmacokinetic fate of Glibenclamide in Rats

Mbang A. Owolabi, Celina O. Ogah, Olusegun S. Ajala, Grace E. Ukpo, Stephen O. Ogbonnia, Teddy S. Ehianeta, Wuraola A. Badiru

The Assessment of Telepharmacy Practice Among Community Pharmacists in Lagos, Nigeria

Patrick Ifechukwu Oliorah, Abdulmuminu Isah, Emmanuel Ebuka Abonyi, Shadrach Chinemerem Eze, Chiamaka Valencia Okonkwo, Precious Chinwendu Nnadi, Blessing Chisom Onyemelukwe, Benjamin Mari Aya, Dalhatu Muhammad Ahmad, Dinfa Tyem Dombin
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