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Background: In traditional medicinal practice, a variety of plants have been used in the restoration of kidney impairment to prevent chronic kidney disease. The objective of the study was to carry out a comprehensive ethnobotanical survey of plants used in the restoration of kidney impairment in Lagos State, Nigeria.
Method: Semi-structured questionnaires were used to conduct interviews with traditional healers and herb sellers on the use of medicinal plants in Lagos State for the restoration of kidney impairment. The survey was carried out in ten different markets; traditional medicine practitioners and herb sellers were randomly selected with a total of 100 respondents.
Result: The respondents consist of 26% males and females 74% with a ratio of 1:2.8. The respondents were also classified based on their age, level of education and occupation to the type of formulation used (monoherbal and polyherbal).
Conclusion: The survey revealed that the 21 plants were obtained and were distributed into 18 families; the life forms of the plants include trees 45%, shrubs 37.7%, woody vines 9%, rhizomes 8.3%. Classification according to plant parts used showed that roots have 80.4%, barks have 8.1%, seeds have 6.8% and leaves have 1.3%. Conservation of these plants is paramount in order to avoid extinction and further research should also be encouraged in area of phytochemical screening and pharmacology of plants in order to develop ideal agents for the management of kidney impairment.
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