Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of University of Ibadan Pharmacy Students on Veterinary Pharmacy Practice

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Omobolanle F. Adekoya
Damilola Q. Olaoye
Akinniyi A. Aje
Cyril O. Usifoh


Background: Pharmacists have acknowledged roles as medicine experts facilitating human healthcare, such expertise is also essential in pharmaceutical treatments of animals. In view of current realities with the COVID-19 pandemic, the interplay between human and animal health cannot be overemphasized. This study aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude, and perception of study participants on veterinary pharmacy practice.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among fifinal year students of the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ibadan. Asemi-structured questionnaire was utilized for data collection. Total sampling method was used to recruit participants who gave their informed consent. Data was summarized with descriptive statistics.

Results: The response rate was 93.5% (86/92). Sixty (69.8%) study participants agreed that health and medical treatment of animals and humans are closely linked. Out of the 86 participants, 26 (30.2%) disagreed that animals can suffffer from diabetes mellitus, while 16 (18.6%) were undecided. Study participants rated themselves poorly on their knowledge on veterinary courses. For instance, 33 (38.4%) and 43 (50.0%) rated themselves as “very poor” in their counseling and compounding, respectively. Atotal of 45 (52.4%) participants were willing to learn more about veterinary practice in difffferent areas, 6 (7%) compounding of veterinary drugs, 19 (22.1%) pharmacology of veterinary medicines, 11(12.8%) counselling and 9(10.5%) dispensing of veterinary drugs. The others 41(47.6%) signifified they had no interest in learning more about any of the aforementioned areas. Most (56; 65.1%) of the study participants strongly agreed in their perception that veterinary medications should be dispensed by pharmacists and 59 (68.6%) strongly agreed in their perception that collaborations between veterinarians and pharmacists would be benefificial. As much as 46 (53.3%) agreed and 27 (31.4%) strongly agreed that they would consider a special training to perform their roles as veterinary pharmacists. 

Conclusions: The knowledge of the participants on veterinary pharmacy practice was good. Study participants displayed good attitude and perception on veterinary pharmacy practice. 

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How to Cite
F. Adekoya, O. ., Q. Olaoye, . D. ., A. Aje, A. ., & O. Usifoh, C. . (2022). Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of University of Ibadan Pharmacy Students on Veterinary Pharmacy Practice. The Nigerian Journal of Pharmacy, 56(1), 152–157 | Retrieved from
Author Biographies

Omobolanle F. Adekoya, Department of Pharmacy,

University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Damilola Q. Olaoye, Department of Pharmacy,

University College Hospital, Ibadan.

Akinniyi A. Aje, Department of Clinical Pharmacy & Pharmacy Administration,

Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ibadan.

Cyril O. Usifoh, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry,

Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin.


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